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Judge Scheindlin’s Ruling on Metadata Production

Southern District of New York Judge Shira Scheindlin has issued a sensible, succinct decision on the production of electronically stored information, and more importantly the metadata fields which should be produced. Additionally, she concludes that this issue could have been avoided, had the parties had the good sense to “meet and confer.” The metadata fields […]

e-Discovery Gamers

E-Discovery Gamers: Join Me In Stopping Them The above is an interesting blog by Ralph Losey. Is Civil Litigation and e-Discovery just a game? Does the truth matter and who is responsible for seeking the truth? Computer Forensics The process of a digital forensic investigation demands the truth. Not the shaded truth. Not the truth that is […]

Clawback Enforcement

As shown in the e-Discovery Team Blog on Clawback Enforcement, the wrong vendor selection can potentially cost you much more than the price per GB. Qualifications must be the first criteria followed by ethics, infrastructure, and finally price. Get the first three right and price should follow. Traditional e-Discovery firms were born from the days […]


Introduction Metadata has been with us since the beginning. It is not magical; nor is it limited to Microsoft Office products. Here we describe and define the term, “metadata” in order to provide a more clear understanding of what it is and how it may be utilized in litigation. The intended audience for this paper […]

Federal Rules of Civil Procedure

Introduction The December 2006 Amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure made a few changes to the process of e-discovery. A clear understanding of what the new rules entail and how they are applied is essential in litigation. The intended audience is anyone involved, or that may be involved, in requesting or responding to […]

What is e-discovery?

Introduction e-Discovery is the identification, collection, review, and production of information stored in electronic format, “ESI” or “Electronically Stored Information”, (e.g. emails and their attachments, text messages, spreadsheets, presentations, memos, reports, and computer-generated information, such as link files, registry entries, log files, configuration data, and metadata). See Electronic Discovery Reference Model (EDRM) graphic below. e-Discovery […]

What is a TIFF image?

Tagged Image File Format (abbreviated TIFF) is a file format for storing images. The TIFF format is the standard in document imaging and document management systems using CCITT Group IV 2D compression. In high-volume storage scanning, documents are typically scanned in black-and-white to conserve storage capacity utilizing about 50 kB of storage at 300 ppi.

What is a PDF file?

Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format created by Adobe Systems in 1993 for open document exchange. PDF was officially released as an open standard on July 1, 2008, and published by the International Organization for Standardization. There are three types of PDF files: Normal, or Pure, PDF – This is the most common […]

What is OCR conversion?

Optical Character Recognition, more commonly referred to as OCR, is an electronic translation of images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text into searchable, or editable, text. While perfect translation would require human intervention, high-quality images can produce up to 95%-99% accuracy. Documents produced by a laser printer with standard fonts on white paper would likely […]

What does blowback mean?

In the civil litigation discovery process, documents are often produced between parties on CD or DVD because the cost of production and delivery of documents on disk is so much less than production and delivery of paper. When these documents are printed, or returned to paper form, it’s called “blowback.”

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